Fasting does not just refer to food, water and conjugal relations between husban
d and wife. Here is a hadith:
Sahih Bukhari, Volume 8, Book 73, Number 83:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "Whoever does not give up false statements (i.e. telling lies)
, and evil deeds, and speaking bad words to others, Allah is not in need of his
(fasting) leaving his food and drink."
Sahih Bukhari Volume 7, Book 72, Number 811:
Narrated Abu Huraira :
The Prophet said, "(Allah said), 'Every good deed of Adam's son is for him
except fasting; it is for Me. and I shall reward (the fasting person) for it.'
Verily, the smell of the mouth of a fasting person is better to Allah than the
smell of musk."
Al-Tirmidhi Hadith #1965 Narrated by Salman al-Farisi
Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said in a sermon which he delivered to them on the last day of Sha'ban, "A great month, a blessed month, a month containing a night which is better than a thousand months has approached you people. Allah has appointed the observance of fasting during it as an obligatory duty, and the passing of its night in prayer as a voluntary practice. If someone draws near to Allah during it with some good act he will be like one who fulfils an obligatory duty in another month, and he who fulfils an obligatory duty in it will be like one who fulfils seventy obligatory duties in another month. It is the month of endurance and the reward of endurance is Paradise. It is the month of sharing with others, and a month in which the believer's provision is increased. If someone gives one who has been fasting something with which to break his fast it will provide forgiveness of his sins and save him from Hell, and he will have a reward equal to his without his reward being diminished in any respect." We remarked to Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) that not all of us have the means to give one who had been fasting something with which to break his fast. He replied, "Allah gives this reward to him who gives one who has been fasting some milk mixed with water, or a date, or a drink of water with which to break his fast. Anyone who gives a full meal to one who has been fasting will be given a drink from my tank (Hawd) by Allah and will not thirst till he enters Paradise. It is a month whose beginning is mercy, whose middle is forgiveness, and whose end is freedom from Hell. If anyone makes things easy for his slave during it, Allah will forgive him and free him from Hell."
Bayhaqi transmitted it in Shu'ab al-Iman.
Moonsighting website will help
North Americans determine the start of Ramandan and its end
Make up past days
Make up menstruting days
Some general information on ramadan at http://www.soundvision.com/Info/ramadan/
Some Ramadan rules and associated hadith http://www.isgkc.org/ramtoc.htm .
Information on itikaaf
What about fasting/prayer times in very northern or southern latitudes during certain seasons? Try this article at the Jordian Astronomical Society. (The dajjal hadith referred to in the article is from S
ahih Muslim. " We said: Allah's Messenger, how long would he stay on the earth?
He said.. For forty days, one day like a year and one day like a month and one
day like a week and the rest of the days would be like your days. We said: Allah
's Messenger, would one day's prayer suffice for the prayers of day equal to one
year? Thereupon he said: No, but you must make an estimate of time (and then ob
serve prayer). " This principal allows use of the 4 methods mentioned in the ar
ticle during "unusual" days for prayer calculation.)
Ramadan pkt for children available from soundvision.
How to divide up the Udhiya (sacrificial meat) on Eid
of fasting on six days of Shawwal
of the day of Arafat
virtues of Muharram and fasting 'Aashooraa'
virtues of the first 10 days of Dhul Hijjah
The virtues of Sabaan